James M. Lang begins an excellent series on small changes in instruction with an article on making the most of the minutes before class. In this short time, Lang urges teachers to take advantage of the time with students, instead of using it as a time for administration or organization. Drawing from three books or studies, Lang suggests building relationships, displaying an agenda, and wondering with students. Continue reading
As scholars in our various disciplines, we know that reading papers in our field is the first step in being able to write papers in our field. Many of us integrate these readings into our courses as a way of introducing our students to scholarship in our field – what kinds of claims we make, the evidence needed to make those claims, how we organize information, what kinds of citations and formatting are required – however, it’s easy to forget that students need instruction on how to read in a new field just as much as they need instruction for how to write in a new field.
In her piece, “How to (Seriously) Read a Scientific Paper,” Elisabeth Pain compiles a number of scholars’ and practitioners’ voices on reading scientific writing: how they approach a paper, what they do when they don’t understand something, if they ever feel overwhelmed, and other tips. The collection provides different perspectives and strategies for reading scientific papers.
No writing instruction can prepare students for every writing situation, contrary to what is often assumed of college composition courses. The WAC program at Salt Lake Community College (SLCC) admits their required composition course sequence won’t prepare students for every writing assignment in and out of the classroom. Instead, the SLCC composition instructors contend that writing instruction should prepare students to ask questions and adapt their writing to meet different rhetorical situations. The SLCC WAC program created and shared this excellent graphic (below) with the questions their students are expected to ask, answer, and act on as they write. By teaching ways of thinking about writing instead of specific genres, students can ask questions specific to the writing task, and not just consider more general genre characteristics. Continue reading
When Noreen Moore asked her students to revise, she found they avoided the task either out of fear of messing up their hard-won first draft, or out of confusion about the process of revision. In this article, Moore offers creative solutions to help students revise their writing. Continue reading
We are pleased to report that former undergraduate research assistant, Mikal Lamdin, has had an article published in the undergraduate and graduate research journal, xchanges.
Mikal’s essay, “A Different Kind of War Film : The Ethos of the Individual Soldier in the Hurt Locker,” rhetorically analyzes elements of the recent film, The Hurt Locker.
xchanges is an interdisciplinary journal that publishes twice yearly.
We hope you will share out excitement and congratulate Mikal for her terrific publication.
Read Mikal’s essay here: “A Different Kind of War”
Emily Chambers is an English M.A. student in the Teaching Writing and Literature program and a Graduate Research Assistant for Mason WAC. She taught sixth grade English for five years in Culpeper, VA before beginning her studies at GMU. Emily’s main interests are in teacher development and curriculum resources. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Educators often note that much of the writing students do in school settings (from k-12 to their first few years of college) is written for the “teacher as audience.” Many have suggested that “authentic writing” opportunities are more helpful to students, teaching them to consider audience and motivating them to write. Defined in simple terms, “authentic writing” is a phrase that describes writing for “real life” audiences and purposes. Examples might include asking students to write web text for a non-profit, proposals to granting agencies, letters to the editor, or pieces that will be submitted for publication.
In my five years of teaching middle school classes, the most successful and rewarding authentic writing experience was when I asked my students to submit to the America Library of Poetry Contest. My sixth-grade students used the writing process to compose poems, and after peer- and teacher-conferences, they submitted these poems to be read by national judges. We spent time through this lesson reading poems and talking about the strengths of good poems in our class sessions. This summer, I happened to read a short autobiography by a former student, written for a fundraiser. As one of her interests, Lindsay listed “writing poetry,” and mentioned that she was a winner in a national poetry contest. She had won! I was overjoyed to see that a classroom writing assignment had become a proud moment in my student’s life, and that she had taken on a role as a writer. Continue reading
Barbara Fister reviews Naming What We Know: Threshold Concepts of Writing Studies, edited by Linda Adler-Kassner and Elizabeth Wardle, in light of new threshold concepts that reframe the way we think about what we know. Fister also writes to warn against the undue haste she believes some librarians have with this new Framework. Instead of checklists and learning skills, she would have librarians and faculty think about sharing these Framework ideas in full, fleshed out form. Foster recommends this collection of essays to librarians and those across the disciplines.
Most interesting for WI course faculty is the focus of the book Fister reviews. Continue reading
Conferencing is an excellent way to not only build rapport with students, but to support and grow student writers. In a conference, a writing professor can address the individual needs of each writer: checking in on their writing progress, asking questions that help the student develop as a writer, and even proofreading assignments. Unlike marks on a student’s paper, conferencing allows for personal, timely feedback in the context of a dialogue about the student’s writing. Moreover, conferencing puts the responsibility on the student, and makes the professor a support to ask questions that guide the student writer. Continue reading
We’d like to share Appalachian State University’s wonderful resource, a glossary of WAC and WID terms. This glossary (below) may be helpful to faculty in all disciplines who teach writing and work with student writers, as it provides a flexible and easy to adapt vocabulary. Terms included describe the the writing process, the various conventions of written texts, and other aspects of academic writing. Continue reading
From a piece by Paul Edwards of the School of Information at University of Michigan.
So unless you’re stuck in prison with nothing else to do, NEVER read a non-fiction book or article from beginning to end.
Instead, when you’re reading for information, you should ALWAYS jump ahead, skip around, and use every available strategy to discover, then to understand, and finally to remember what the writer has to say. This is how you’ll get the most out of a book in the smallest amount of time…
Table 1. Summary of reading strategies and techniques (formatting is slightly altered due to posting in WordPress. For original, click below.)
|Strategies and techniques||Rationale|
|Read the whole thing||Major arguments and evidence matter more than details. Grasping the structure of the whole is more important than reading every word.|
|Decide how much time you will spend||Real-world time is limited. If you know exactly how long you can actually spend on reading, you can plan how much time to devote to each item.|
|Have a purpose and a strategy||You’ll enjoy reading more, and remember it better, if you know exactly why you’re reading.|
|Read actively||Never rely on the author’s structures alone. Move around in the text, following your own goals.|
|Read it three times||First time for overview and discovery. Second time for detail and understanding. Third time for note-taking in your own words.|
|Focus on parts with high information content||Tables of contents, pictures, charts, headings, and other elements contain more information than body text.|
|Use PTML (personal text markup language)||Mark up your reading with your own notes. This helps you learn and also helps you find important passages later.|
|Know the author(s) and organizations||Authors are people with backgrounds and biases. They work in organizations that give them context and depth.|
|Know the intellectual context||Most academic writing is part of an ongoing intellectual conversation, with debates, key figures, and paradigmatic concepts.|
|Use your unconscious mind||Leave time between reading sessions for your mind to process the material.|
|Rehearse, and use multiple modes||Talking, visualizing, or writing about what you’ve read helps you remember it.|
Read the full article here: http://pne.people.si.umich.edu/PDF/howtoread.pdf